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ao:dichroic_specification

Dichroic Specification

Note and Files


Some notes and files concerning the specification of the Dichroic.

11 ISO 10110.pdf - Some old slides from Steve concerning ISO 10110.

Finishing specs.pdf - Dichroic Specification from Judit as of Feb 6th 2012.

Window-thickness-refractive-index.xlsx - Spread sheet from Steve showing how he calculated the thickness criteria.

BSpl specs V2.pdf - Version two of specification as of Feb 8th 2012

EscoQuote_14338.pdf - First quote from ESCO Feb 07 2012

EscoQuote_14806.pdf - This is the final quote (4/19/2012) used to order the substrates.

IntenProfile_vs_bluecutoff.mov - Total intensity profile as a function of blue cutoff wavelength of dichroic

bluecutoffslides.pdf - study of optimal blue cutoff wavelength of dichroic

IR Dichroic Short-Wave Cutoff


There appears to be some consensus that highly reddened objects are important fot he IR dichroic, so the long-wave cutoff should be 1 micron or so. The short-wave cutoff is controversial. The key drivers for cutoff are:

  • Total Flux. This drives the short-wave cutoff to shorter wavelengths as more photons are collected.
  • Atmospheric Dispersion. This drives the short-wave cutoff to longer wavelengths as the PSF becomes smaller.
  • Cost. This drives the short-wave cutoff to longer wavelengths, as the number of layers in the coating is driven by the width of the reflection band. In making this statement, there is an assumption that we will “take what we can get” for short-wave reflectivity below the cutoff (e.g. DMLP1180L from Thorlabs).
  • Slow WFS operation. This drives the short-wave cutoff to longer wavelengths.


To see how important the Total Flux consideration is, lets consider BP Tau, one of the blue-est YSOs that might be observed. Using the calibration from Allen's astrophysical quantities and photometry from the JP11 catalog, we have the following fluxes (photons/m^2/s)

Wavelength (microns)
0.45
0.55
0.65
0.75
0.85
0.95
Flux (Jy)
0.03
0.06
0.14
0.21
0.26
0.40
QE
0.8
0.95
0.95
0.85
0.65
0.3
Photons (relative)
56
103
201
238
203
126
Fraction
0.06
0.11
0.21
0.26
0.22
0.14


For the dispersion consideration, we note that adding photons offset by dispersion more than the diffraction-limited FWHM (abut 0.7 arcsec) loses rather than gains S/N for the centroid calculation (missing exact details). At a zenith distance of 45 degrees, we get the following image shifts (pressure 80% of sea level):

Wavelength (microns)
0.45
0.55
0.65
0.75
0.85
Image shift (45 degrees from zenith, arcsec)
0.95
0.50
0.26
0.1
0
Image shift (60 degrees from zenith, arcsec)
1.64
0.87
0.44
0.18
0

These two tables, taken together, imply that for a 500nm dichroic short-wave cutoff (with respect to a 400nm cutoff), there would be a 0.06 mag sensitivity loss at zenith, and a sensitivity gain at higher airmasses. A 600nm dichroic short-wave cutoff (with respect to a 500nm cutoff) loses an additional 0.12 mags sensitivity at zenith and doesn't cause a sensitivity gain until high airmass.

On the basis of this study MJI suggests specifying a dichroic with a reflection band of 0.55 to 1.0 microns, and a transmission band of 1.15 to 2.4 microns. State that we intend to use some of the transmitted light short-wards of 0.55 microns, and would like to know the predicted curve down to 0.4 microns.



Coating specifications


We agreed to send the following coating specifications to vendors in October, 2012
There will be two sets of beam splitters, YSO and VIS, on IR grade low-OH fused silica substrates.
The requirements for the coatings are as follows:

YSO dichroic – 6 pieces:
AOI 10 degrees
Non polarizing
Surface 1: In the spectral range of 600 to 1000 nm it should reflect as much as possible, and in the range of 1100 to 2400 nm transmit as much as possible.
Surface 2: Antireflection coating for 1100 to 2400 nm
We would also like to know the predicted curve down to 400 nm.

VIS dichroics – 6 pieces:
AOI 10 degrees
Non polarizing
Surface 1: In the spectral range of 600 to 1000 nm a gray split: R~20% T~80%,
in the 1100 to 2400 nm range it should transmit as much as possible.
Surface 2: Antireflection coating for 1100 to 2400 nm
We would also like to know the predicted curve down to 400 nm.

Finished beam splitter transmission/reflection curves received from vendor Uploaded 2013-10-31

ao/dichroic_specification.txt · Last modified: 2018/07/07 13:22 by jones